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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Hanh Dang <>
Date: Tue, 3 Sep 2019 01:26:29 +0100
Subject: Purchase Order


Hope my mail find you well?

We are urgently in need of your products as per attached.

Kindly quote your best competitive price for the attached order and also specify delivery date.

Waiting for your order confirmation.

Best regards,

(Ms.) Hanh Dang
Import &Export Dept Assistant
Foreign Relations Assistant
Mobile: +84 986650490
Address: Room 911, 9th Floor Zone C, D2 Building, Giang Vo
Street, Ba Dinh Dist, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Anti-fraud resources: