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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Patrick Nomo (MFEP)" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 3 Sep 2019 00:21:46 -0000
Subject: You Have Received US$18.5Million (FROM BANK ALREADY)

Dear Deceased Relative/Business Associate,

Following the report of your inheritance payment, this total sum of US$18.5M which you had received from Citibank is not the full Payment. The late Major Constructor (Engr. Jack Farrar Powell) instructed bank to released to you survived next of kin his full contract balance upon her demised.
Your full payment is US$28.5Million. Already deceased contract Ministries through Ministry of finance Ghana instructed the Citibank Group since July 2019 to released to you the additional balance of US$10Million withheld by their bank immediately without any delay or question.
Although, I was instructed to reach you on this same email which deceased indicated to contact you his next of kin to avoid wrong payment.
if you have received the addition balance from Citibank, THEN LET US KNOW without providing information indicated below.
But, If the Citibank Group have not released to you the balance withheld, then provide to me (Deceased Account officer) information listed below, as we withheld your name until your response, confirming you are same person (Relative/Business Associate) whose name and information in deceased account file being survived next of kin for payment.
1) Your Full Name and Address.
2) Your Telephone, Mobile, Office & Home Number.
3) The Copy of Your Passport or Driver’s License (for your identification).
4) Your Profession.
5) Your office Position.
The release of your final payment will take part by the Ministry of finance upon your response.
You can only reach me with my Alternative email (
Mr. Patrick Nomo, (Chief Accountant to Deceased).
Accra Ghana,West Africa.

Anti-fraud resources: