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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. J. P. Rodriguez" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 2 Sep 2019 16:40:50 -0700
Subject: Do you need a real estate loan?

Good Day,
Astrein Group S.L is offering outs loans to the public with a very low rate of 0.5%. We offer out personal and business loans.Do you need a real estate loan? Our loan process can be completed within a space of one week provided terms of loan contract is agreed upon.
Do you need secured or unsecured loan? Need financing, but don't know how to go about securing a loan? Contact us on (  for help.
Yours in Service,
Dr. J. P. Rodriguez
General Consultant.

Anti-fraud resources: