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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "JOY" <>
Date: 03 Sep 2019 01:57:58 +0300
Subject: Hi


I know that this letter may be a very big surprise to you, but
please consider it a divine wish and accept it with a deep sense
of humility, am the only daughter of my later parents who died
untimely in an Egypt Air crash of 1999. You can view this web
site for your perusal and find the names of my parents who also
perished in that ill-fated air disaster. Since then I have been
living with this pain till date.,,196602,00.htm

My late father was a very wealthy cocoa merchant based in Abidjan
Cote D’ivoire. However since the death of my late parents I have
lived with the memories, before their death my late parents they
had a joint account and deposited sum of $3,500.000.00USD Three
Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars left in a
bank. All I need from you is Truthfulness, Honesty and Sincerity
assuring me that you can in all honesty and obedience utilize the
funds for it purpose and you will use %20 of this fund for your
effort input after the successful transfer of the fund to your
nominated account.

All documents and proves to enable you get this fund are here
with me. If you are interested send your personal details to
enable us proceed.

Kinds Regards

Joy St. Germain

Anti-fraud resources: