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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Rita Nick <>
Date: Mon, 2 Sep 2019 20:18:42 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Hello Dear Friend


Sorry for open a privacy, my name is Rita Nick. I am currentilled infection cancer disease and i wish to donate my inheritance of my late husband fund deposited in his bank account as amount of $3,560,000.00 USD, recently the doctor told me that i might not live for more eight months from now due to my cancer infection disease. I want you to utilise it to establish business investments that will create a job for opportunities to the jobless population and less privilege, i should give you more details. If you are willing to go this project, i look forward to hear back from you as soon as possible.

Mrs. Rita Nick

Anti-fraud resources: