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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Daniel Coats" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 4 Aug 2019 14:32:36 +0800
Subject: From Director of National Intelligence !!!

United States Intelligence Community
Office of the Inspector General
Investigations Division, Reston 3,
Washington, D.C. 20511 USA

Greetings of the Day,


I am Daniel Coats, Director of National Intelligence (DNI) we have been working towards the eradication of Internet Scam around the globe, western part of Africa to be precise.

We have been able to track down many con artist in various part of west Africa country which included (NIGERIA, REPUBLIC OF BENIN, TOGO, GHANA CAMERON AND SENEGAL), they are all in custody, also huge amount of money was recovered. In reference to this, several indoor meeting was held between the United Nation, United States government and the African Union, during the meeting agreement was reached that victims will get a Refund/Compensation from the money recovered from con artists.

Note this e-mail is directed to you because during our investigations, your email address was found in one of the con artist file and a computer hard disk in our custody. In this regards, you will be receiving a Refund/Compensation of the sum of US$2,800,000.00 (Two Million Eight Hundred United State Dollars). Meanwhile, the Africa Union committee requested that victims should show evidence to prove they are victim of West Africa scam.

Due to evidence requested, we appointed a United State base Attorney (George L. Miller) to advocate on your behalf and provide evidence to prove you're scam victim to aid the approval release of your funds payment to you.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: The only fee you're to pay to the Attorney is the evidence processing fee $325.00 for processing and securing the legal evidence to prove to the West Africa Government you are a victim of scam. Also kindly request him to direct you on how to submit the processing fee $325.00 Only.

Kindly verify your details to the lawyer (George L. Miller) to enable him commence the processing and secure the evidence to aid the release of your payment to you, also make sure your details and residential address are provided correctly to avoid any atom of mistake and delay during processing.

(1) Your Full Name: ...................
(2) Full Residential Address:.......... (P.O.BOX NOT ALLOWED)
(3) Occupation:. ...............
(4) Direct Phone Number: ..............
(5) Valid ID Card: ....................

CONTACT PERSON: George L. Miller

As soon as he received your details, the processing to aid the release of your Compensation Refund will be facilitated immediately and your US$2,800,000.00 (Two Million Eight Hundred United State Dollars) will be made payable to you in due time within the next 72 hours.

Treat as urgent!


Mr. Daniel Coats
Director of National Intelligence

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This electronic message transmission is intended only for the use of the party to which it is addressed, including any attachments and contains Investigations from Director of National Intelligence, LLC (DNI), which may be privileged, confidential, or protected by law. If you are not the intended recipient you are hereby notified that any dissemination, copying or distribution of this e-mail or its contents is strictly prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please notify us immediately by replying to the message and also deleting it from your computer. Thank you.

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