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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Nasko Gelimachev." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 20 Aug 2019 07:05:22 -0000
Subject: Your opportunity

Good day,

I am Mr.Nasko Gelimachev. I have an investment request from a top executive to contact you. We plan to move funds from a dedicated financial portfolio in Europe for a safe business investment diversification plan/location.

We seek your co-operation to facilitate the investment and you will be paid a negotiated percent between us.

If you are interested to partner with us in the investment process please get back to me at for details.

I wait for your response.

Best regards,

Mr.Nasko Gelimachev.

Anti-fraud resources: