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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Kley Raymond" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 19 Aug 2019 07:53:49 -0700
Subject: Von Herrn Kley Raymond

Lieber Freund

Ich bin Herr Kley Raymond und ich melde mich wegen Ihres verstorbenen Verwandten, der hier in Großbritannien gestorben ist und seit meinem verstorbenen Kunden eine Kaution in Höhe von 4,5 Millionen Euro hinterlassen hat

Teilen Sie den gleichen Nachnamen mit Ihrer Familie. Die Bank hat mir mitgeteilt, dass die Familienmitglieder die Kaution freigeben sollen.

Antworten Sie mit Ihrem vollständigen Namen, Alter und Telefonnummer

für weitere Klarstellungen.

Herr Kley Raymond

Anti-fraud resources: