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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Lena Viola" <>
Date: Wed, 07 Aug 2019 09:17:00 -0700
Subject: Good News !!!

Good day to you,

Am Nancy Viola, the winner of the $169 Million Mega Millions Jackpot in the January 8, 2016 Mega Millions drawing, My jackpot was a gift from God to me hence my Entire family has AGREED to do this. My Family is donating $1,000,000.00 USD to you.

Anti-fraud resources: