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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Shane Missler <>
Date: Mon, 19 Aug 2019 21:17:40 +0530 (IST)
Subject: 4.800.000 Euro

Ich hei&szlig;e SHANE MISSLER. Ich habe einen Lotto-Jackpot von 451 MillionenDollar (330 Millionen Pfund) gewonnen. Im Januar 2018. Ich habe eine Spende von 4.800.000 Euro. Ich spende diese Spende aus Gr&uuml;nden der Liebe zur Menschheit und der Bed&uuml;rftigen in der Gesellschaft. Bitte kontaktieren Siemich f&uuml;r dieses Geschenk, das Sie &uuml;ber diese E-Mail erhalten haben:(

Anti-fraud resources: