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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. James Franklin" <>
Date: Thu, 01 Aug 2019 23:16:22 +1200

Attention:Beneficiary .

Instruction was given by the Office of Presidency and United
Nations(UN) and also (IMF)to transfer Sum of $10.5m through ATM Debit
Card to you which you can use it in near cash point,shopping mall or
banking as a result of so many failed transaction in the past and to
restore back the image of our nation.

You can withdrawal money from your ATM Debit Card from any ATM MACHINE
location or center of your choice/nearest to you, in any part of the

You should reconfirm your address and full name and also telephone
number for urgent delivery of your original ATM Debit Card to you
within 48hrs.

Yours faithfully,
Mr. James Franklin
Union Bank of Nigeria
Foreign Payment Due Process Unit.

Anti-fraud resources: