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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. David Pinotti" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 1 Aug 2019 06:11:10 +0200
Subject: Last Warning

Payment Reconciliation Center.
Office of The IMF

Date: 2019 Second Quarter

Good Morning to you

This is Mr David Pinotti. I write in respect to the fund
awarded to you since 2014 valued $4,150,567.00 (Four million,
one hundred and fifty thousand five hundred and sixty seven
dollars) been inheritance fund.

Until this day i am yet to confirm successful setup of the
lucrative business after receiving your fund. This is a routine
check carried out by the IMF after years of award and release of

Kindly reconfirm to me successful receive of the fund and brief
details of how far you have gone with your establishment and the
value as of date. It is very urgent for record keeping and if you
have not received your fund valued $4,150,567.00, quickly get
back to me on this Email : ( without delay.

Yours sincerely,
Mr. David Pinotti

Anti-fraud resources: