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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "JOHN EDWARD" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 31 Jul 2019 17:48:12 -0700

Be informed that all pending deliveries in this office will be
and diverted to a Government account next week, based on an order from
the International Monetary Fund (I.M.F). Your total funds were
this order since you are unable to pay the delivery fees. We hereby
you to proceed to claim your funds or stand a chance of loosing them
completely and also remember to reconfirm your full address to avoid
any wrong delivery,Full Name____________________
Home Address_________________

Your urgent reply is appreciated. Thanks For Your Co-operation. We Are
Here To
Serve You Better. Yours In Service
Email: (

Anti-fraud resources: