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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Claims" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 1 Aug 2019 02:40:07 +0200
Subject: REF: USFM17876/19

REF: USFM17876/19


From the Department of the United States FBI.

This is to officially inform you that we have thoroughly completed an investigation with the help of our Intelligence Monitoring Network System that you legally won the sum of $2,000,000.00 USD from a Lottery Company. You are among the (5) five lucky winners that won $2,000,000.00USD each. During our investigation we discovered that your e-mail won the money from an Online Balloting System, so therefore your winning funds would be payout to you through the Bank of America.

Among the (5) five lucky winners, three people has received their winning prize remaining you and one other person.

The Lottery Company has already submitted your winning prize paycheck to the Bank of America for the immediate payout of your winning prize to you, meanwhile you will have to contact the financial officer in charge of your winning prize payout but you will have to pay him $365.00USD for the paycheck converting processing fee.

Below is the Financial Officer contact details.




Note, for safety purpose, you are advise to contact the financial officer with your winning details as follow: Winning Number: 460890999KWQ. Payment File Number: 4th. Claims Code: 340.

With the details above, the financial officer will confirm you the legitimate winner of the said prize and he will process your winning prize payout to you immediately.

Congratulations to you.

FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
J. Edgar Hoover Building
935 Pennsylvania Avenue
NW Washington, D.C. 20535-0001.

Anti-fraud resources: