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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Michael Lopez." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 31 Jul 2019 02:09:06 -0700

Attn : Beneficiary,

We have been authorized by the United Nations secretary general (UNSG) Dr. António Guterres to investigate the delay on your payment transfer and we discovered with dismay that your payment has been unnecessarily delayed by corrupt officials who have been trying to divert your funds to their private accounts abroad. A swift transfer of your total funds $4.5 Million dollars has been arranged with Bank Of Africa to avoid the undue delay because an irrevocable payment approval has been endorsed by the World Bank Group/IMF board hence contact the Manager of Bank Of Africa with information below to process your transfer immediately.

Manager : Mr. Abdekabir Bennani.
E-mail : ( )
Telephone : +22965579817

We expect your urgent attention to enable us monitor this payment effectively. Mr. Abdekabir Bennani guide you to receive the transfer within Three days.

Mr. Michael Lopez.
UN payment coordinator- USA

Anti-fraud resources: