fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Getty Edward" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 30 Jul 2019 06:11:46 -0700
Subject: Business Proposal
I hope this message finds you well! I am contacting you based on your personal information I found at your chamber of commerce as someone that has vast and wide experience in business environment of your country.
I am Dr. Getty Edward. I am interested in establishing and operating a very viable business as a means of investment abroad.I do not know too well on how this is done in your country, so I will need you to help me in this regard.Therefore, I seek your advice and guidance any lucrative business investment in your country
If you are interested contact me on email@example.com for further details and whereby you are not interested; please indicate in your reply so that I can seek for the assistance of someone else. I look forward to your reply and co-operation.
Dr. Getty Edward.
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