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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "HX Bank" <>
Date: Tue, 30 Jul 2019 02:32:41 -0700
Subject: accept this lucrative offer

Good Day

I am Mrs Zhu, I am the Head of the Audit Department in a bank here in China, in my department we have Fifteen million United states dollars to transfer into your account as a dormant fund that belonged to a deceased customer. If you are interested, we will share this fund among ourselves and help the orphans around the world. Kindly reply me with the following information for more details:

Your full names/Address/occupation/direct telephone number

I look forward to your reply so that we can commence.

Best Regards
Mrs. Zhu

Anti-fraud resources: