fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dormant account" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "offshore account" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dave Yorke" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 20 Apr 2019 20:49:21 +0800
Subject: Greetings from Dave Yorke,
Greetings from Dave Yorke,
I am Dr. Dave Yorke, Group Accountant (CITIBANK INC) However, I have
already sent you this same letter by post one month ago, but I am not
sure if it did get to you since I have not heard from you, hence my
re-sending it again.I discovered a dormant account in my office, as
Group Accountant with Citibank London. It will be in my interest to
transfer this fund worth $48.5M Dollars (Forty Eight Million , Five
Hundred Thousand Dollars) in offshore account. Can you be my partner?
Pls, reply me with your contact details, including your mobile line.
respect, Dave Yorke.