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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dave Yorke" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 20 Apr 2019 20:49:21 +0800
Subject: Greetings from Dave Yorke,

Greetings from Dave Yorke,

I am Dr. Dave Yorke, Group Accountant (CITIBANK INC) However, I have
already sent you this same letter by post one month ago, but I am not
sure if it did get to you since I have not heard from you, hence my
re-sending it again.I discovered a dormant account in my office, as
Group Accountant with Citibank London. It will be in my interest to
transfer this fund worth $48.5M Dollars (Forty Eight Million , Five
Hundred Thousand Dollars) in offshore account. Can you be my partner?

Pls, reply me with your contact details, including your mobile line.
Regards and
respect, Dave Yorke.

Anti-fraud resources: