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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Gilbert Kojo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 29 Jul 2019 21:54:22 +0100
Subject: Ref: GCB/IRD/GBX/20/019

Ref: GCB/IRD/GBX/20/019

Attention has been drawn over your unclaimed Allowance payment of $4,800,000.00, which was deposited with the Ghana Commercial Bank EXSCROW Reserve Account. GCB has approved the release of an ATM Master CARD to you, will release more details soon as i hear from you to confirm you are alive for claims.
Dr. Gilbert Kojo
Board Remittance Director,
Ghana Commercial Bank
Head Office, Accra Ghana.

Anti-fraud resources: