fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "EXIM BANK" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 24 Jul 2019 13:24:31 +0200
Subject: <<<Can i trust you with this propsal>>>
Compliments of the day, i hope you are in good health.I am a banker with a financial Institution here in china and i am writing to you for an opportunity that will benefit us both immensely.I have discovered an unclaimed inheritance fund of seven million one hundred thousand united states dollars only and i wish to lay down your name as the next of kin to the amount in question due to the death of the depositor who died years ago along with her family.
However,i assure you that will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law both in your country and here in china once the fund is transferred to your bank account. The funds i am referring to is right here in this bank floating in suspense account,therefore i solicit for your cooperation to be in collaboration with me to have this done. If you are interested in this transaction,kindly get back to me asap so that i can give the full details about this transaction.
I urgently hope to get your response as soon as possible.
The Export-Import Bank of China