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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. Jose Pedro Perez-Llorca" <>
Date: Mon, 29 Jul 2019 13:14:24 +0200
Subject: Mutual Business Establishment

My name is Barr. Jose Pedro Perez-Llorca , a legal practitioner in
Madrid Spain. I have a business proposal which i believe that will be a
very good opportunity for both of us so I decided to contact you on this
business opportunity here in Spain.
I have informations about an abandoned funds here in Spain and i will
like you to contact me immediately to enable us discuss in details on
how to move the funds out of Spain immediately through your assistance.
I will provide all the necessary informations to enable the bank release
and transfer the funds to your bank account.


Barr. Jose Pedro Perez-Llorca

Anti-fraud resources: