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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "ERIK PAOLO" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 25 Jul 2019 20:25:13 -0700


My name is Mr. Erik Paolo. I am a business representative based in Philippines.

Your product line is highly needed by the Philippines government through a tender bid and i would like to make a preliminary introduction of your products to the Government Procurement/Tender Committee for their consideration.

I would like to know if you have the capability and will want to supply your products to the Philippines government on a contract arrangement.

There's an opportunity going on now where we can introduce your products to our government.

kindly respond with the following information below:

1) Complete Product's List
2) Price List

Once you declare interest to participate, I will provide you more details.

Thank you and I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Kind Regards,
Mr. Erik Paolo

Administration Dept Pasay City,
Metro Manila, Philippines 1307
Tel: +63 1800780052

Email Disclaimer Notice: The content of this e-mail (including any attachments) is strictly confidential and may be commercially sensitive. If you are not, or believe you may not be, the intended recipient, please advise the sender immediately by return e-mail, delete this e-mail and destroy any copies.

Anti-fraud resources: