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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Director of EFCC," (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 20 Jul 2019 23:19:12 -0700
Subject: With best compliments,

Urgent Attention:

Congratulation to you for we have successfully recovered your fund
from swindlers.

We received Fraud signal and report from Our high-tech infrastructure
of technical and operational support that helps us meet the growing
challenges of fighting crime in the 21st century about innocent people
Fund invested in Some Banks in Asia, U.S.A and Africa after our real-time and
pain-stacking investigations, we find out that your name was used to
transfer and invest the Sum of $16,000,000.00 with Central Bank of Nigeria.

We are contacting you because your name and email address was used to
transfer and invest the fund with the bank and all the divident is
paid to the brokerage account in West Africa so We have already
informed the bank that the real beneficiary of the fund will be
in-touch after our through investigation, please we advice to confirm this
information with your full information for final verification before
we get you in touch with the holding bank.

We are waiting for your urgent confirmation of this important message
before we will give you the full details contact of the bank to open

With best compliments,
Mr. Oscar Joseph,
Director of EFCC,
(Economic and Financial Crime Commission)
Call: +234-7030877951.

Anti-fraud resources: