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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Michael Efe" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 15 Jul 2019 18:42:45 +0100
Subject: <I>Dear Sir/Madam,</I></DIV>

Dear Sir/Madam,
My name is Michael Efe, I am special assistant to a former president,
He gave me the sum of USD$12,800,000) to secure for him because of the
current corruption probe in Nigeria. The money has been secured and
kept in a security company, I need your assistance to claim this money
and deposit it at your bank for safe keeping.
You will receive 40% of this money for your work and assistance.
Reply with your phone number and address, further information will be
given to you after receiving your response.
Please keep this confidential.
Michael Efe.

Anti-fraud resources: