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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms Shirley Leaug" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 4 Jul 2019 00:14:07 -0400
Subject: Confidential Deal Of US$19,900,000.00 GPMDKKMVTX

Good day,

How are you doing? I'm Ms Shirley Leung, the Product Development Head and Private Banking & Wealth Management for Wing Lung Bank, I'm sending you these email concerning an Inheritance Claim deposited by a deceased at my bank Wing Lung Bank. Please confirm if you did receive the mail detailing the process by which we can carry out the DEAL from our bank without stress, the process is legal. I look forward to hearing from you soonest.

Ms. Shirley Leung.

Anti-fraud resources: