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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Peter Chang" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 25 Jun 2019 10:57:57 -0700
Subject: Viable Project .


I have access to very vital information that can be used to move huge amount of money. I have done my homework very well and i have the machineries in place to get it done since I am still in active service.

If it was possible for me to do it alone I would not have bothered contacting you. Ultimately I need you to play an important role in the completion of this business transaction. Reply if you are willing to do the business.

Mr. Peter Chang.

Anti-fraud resources: