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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "OFFICE FILE" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 1 Jul 2019 06:24:03 -0700

From: Aloysius Katsina-Alu Chief,
Justice of the Supreme Court of BENIN REPUBLIC
Attention: Please,
I am Mr David Peter, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of BENIN
REPUBLIC. I wish to  inform you that we have received your email
regarding the required Diplomatic Immunity Seal of transfer
Certificate which you have been directed by the FBI to contact this
office for instructions on how to obtain the said certificate.
We have concluded every necessary arrangement regards to obtaining of
the said certificate on your behalf, right now the only thing delaying
the needed document by the FBI is the required issuing fee of $147
which you are to send to us immediately to enable us obtain the
required document on your behalf as soon as possible.
However, I want to guarantee you 100% that the document will be
obtained on your behalf immediately the fee of $147 is received from
you before the end of the day.
Meanwhile, we have also received instruction from the FBI to release
the certificate to you once the needed fee is received, and we
understand that you have less than 48 hours to obtain the needed
certificate, therefore you have been advised to urgently send the
needed fee to us, to enable us obtain the certificate on your behalf
without any further delay.
Due to the urgency of this matter, you are advised to send the fee to
my receiving agent with the below stated information's via money gram Money Transfer only.
Receivers Name: Mark Ben Don
Receivers Address: BENIN REPUBLIC.
Text Question: How Long?
Text Answer: Today
AMOUNT: $147
Furnish this office with the payment details involving your full
information, once the payment is made, in order for us to obtain the
document on your behalf immediately. Please call me at my direct cell
phone number as soon as you send the fee today: +229-66-44-66-52. or
you can email me your direct cell phone number so that i can call you
as soon as the document is obtained on your behalf here in my office.
Yours Faithfully,
Mr David Peter
WhatsApp: +229-66-44-66-52

Anti-fraud resources: