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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Ryan Roger" <>
Date: Thu, 27 Jun 2019 16:15:10 +0200
Subject: Investment Partnership, Loan & Project funding

Good Day
We at Fund Monitoring and Verification Unit are contacting you concerning funding of your business projects through our Independent Financial Consultants Office, as we are equally interested to partnership with your company as we are seeking to diversify our
financial portfolio into viable and lucrative business project ventures that worth it,
We are most interested in partnerships business ventures such as Medical and Health care projects, Real estate projects, mining projects, agricultural projects renewable energy projects, start-up projects and business expansions / Loan with lower rates.

Note that we equally finance Contract Funds, Inheritance Funds or Winning Funds by making available funds needed for payments of Charges, Fees, Dues or Taxes moment you make available copies of documents confirming you to be rightful beneficiary of the unpaid
funds in your name.

Your swift response is highly needed and furthermore you should make available your Full Name, Address, Country, Telephone/Cell plus your interest as heighted above.
Best regard,
Ryan Roger

Anti-fraud resources: