fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "foreign remittance department" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "INVESTORS BANK OF USA" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 19 Jun 2019 02:50:34 -0700
Subject: INVESTORS BANK OF USA
INVESTORS BANK OF USA.
New Jessy/New York branch USA.
Foreign Remittance department.
+1 917 745 5859
I am Rev. James Moore, The director, Foreign remittance department of Investors Bank of USA. Be informed that the united nation funding department have Approved the
immediate release of $4.5M through our bank and we have been instructed to transfer your $4.5M to you. As the Head authorized Fund Crediting director handling all
foreign unpaid contracts and inheritance and long waited fund. your payment file was open today after the executive board meeting concerning all Unpaid beneficiaries
from united nation funding department.
We urge you to fill and return the below listed personal details to facilitate the immediate release of your approval payment of $4.5m to you smoothly within 24hrs via
our online banking system.
DOB: (Date of Birth):
Age and Marital Status:
Copy of your Identification: Drivers License OR International Passport etc.
As soon as the above information is receive and confirm correctly, the bank management will not hesitate to furnish you further on how your fund will be release to
you smoothly. Feel free to call me on +1 917 745 5859 for further positive update. Thank you for your anticipated understanding as we work towards completing the
release of your fund to you as we are at your service and your satisfaction is our pride.
Rev. James Moore
Banking in your interest
New Jersey, USA