fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "foreign service manager" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
Fraud email example:
From: Teresa Marie Roberts <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 19 Jun 2019 05:34:50 +0900
Subject: Online Lottery Winning Notification !!!
The EUROMILLIONS =
Office Address:The Lottery Company Ltd.
Attn: Email Account Owner,
Congratulations!! We happily announce to you the draw (#1134) of the Euro-=
Millions, online Sweepstakes promotion held in London-United Kingdom and At=
lanta USA. =
Your active e-mail address attached to the World Wide Web computer generat=
ed winning ticket number: B7607545 4139 with reference number EAAL/JA2C110P=
7 and Serial number GO5365/3, Batch number ZA87-2PY, drew the Lucky Numbers=
: 07 26 36 38 43 Lucky Stars 06 12. This subsequently won you the lottery i=
n the 1st category i.e. matches 6 lucky numbers as jackpot prize. therefore=
been allocated to claim a total sum of $2.5mmillion united state only.
For security reasons we advise winners to keep winning information confide=
ntial until they receive their winning,this is part of our protective secur=
ity measures to avoid claiming of your winning by third party with fake ide=
You can click on the link below for more details about our current and pas=
For more details about your winning prize contact the agent Mr. Mike Johnso=
n for immediate processing of your winning by filling in the information be=
Full Name :
Home Address :
Phone Number :
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr. Mike Johnson
Foreign Service Manager
Teresa Marie Roberts
Disclaimer- The information in this email is confidential and may be legall=
y privileged. It is intended solely for the address and others authorized t=
o receive it. If you are not the intended recipient any disclosure copying,=
distribution or action taken in reliance on its content is prohibited and =
may be unlawful.