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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Antonio" <>
Date: Mon, 17 Jun 2019 15:37:27 -0700
Subject: Investment Proposal


I am Antonio Capilla, a financial and investment management lawyer and an investment consultant law firm based in Spain. I need your partnership/assistance to invest (US$10 Million Dollars) in any good yielding business investment in your country on behalf of my client, and you shall get 30% out of the funds for your assistance.

Due to the sensitivity of my client’s position, the funds shall be invested in your company or personal name to make the fund release process easier. If interested, kindly write me back urgently for more details and to enable us proceed.

I await your reply.


Antonio Capilla

Anti-fraud resources: