fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "necessary legal documents" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "i will advice you " (this email uses bad English)
- "foreign remittance department" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Marcela Koziskova" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 18 Jun 2019 04:34:26 -0700
Subject: Good day,
It is true We Have Not Met Each Other Before, But Sometimes In Life, Luck And Faith Plays A Role In Two People Meeting From No Where To Become Life Or Business Partners. Please allow me to introduce myself to you. My name is Marcela Koziskova, I am an officer in the Bank in Foreign Remittance Department, where I manage private clients accounts, as a matter of fact, I have been in charge of this duty for 12 years now. My motive for writing this mail to you privately is to inform you of an account belonging to my client that bear the Same last Name with you for as long as I have been with my bank branch here in Turkey. His account holds £16.5MillionGBP Sum of Money. The truth now is that my client is late, and I have monitored his account with us for 4 years now, and to my greatest surprise, no one has come up for a claim till date. From my investigations and confirmation, my client left his next of kin column blank, which is why no one has knowledge of the deposit except us at the B
ank. Hence the need to get
The Following Question Are:
Did You Have A Relation With This Name?
If Yes, Let Me Know And I will Advice You On How You Will Contact The Bank.
If No, Let Me Know If You will Accept To Claim This Fund From The Bank.
Because there is no moral justification for the bank to inherit this fund and more importantly I have in my possession all the relevant pieces of information that we will need to back up any claim we make with the bank
Please be informed that the proceeds of this Deposit to you Will be shared as follows: 60% for me and, 40% to you. I have all necessary legal documents that can be used to backup any claim we may make.
All I require is your Honest cooperation to enable this deal go through. I guarantee that this will be executed under a legitimate Arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the Law as the funds did not originate from drug money or terrorism, but through inheritance. Note, I send you this mail not without a measure of fear as to what the consequences, but I know within me that nothing ventured is nothing gained and that success and riches never come easy or on a platter of Gold. This is the one truth I have learned from my private banking clients. For me to confirm, Please let me have your telephone number to enable us discuss further about this transaction. As soon as I get your reply I will furnish you with more information. for me to confirm again.