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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Friedrich Arno" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 8 Jun 2019 01:07:47 +0100
Subject: Greetings From Friedrich

Dear Sir/ Madam,

I am representing a small group of investors from Pretoria, who are interested in overseas investment in your country, involving large volume of funds, for which they seek a participant as their overseas representative.

The civil service regulations here prohibits them from getting involved in private business, while under government employment, hence this proposal to you, in view of your impressive profile. If you feel disposed towards the solicited role, please indicate by prompt response, so that I may provide you further details of the transaction, and also let you know what will be coming to you as remuneration

Given the fact that my associates have relatively only academic knowledge of your country, you should therefore have a basic expectation of the kind of role that will also be required of you, after the funds transfer has been done.

Bear in mind however, that this is a legitimate transaction, and the only reason why strict privacy is advised, is as a result of restrictions of the civil service laws in here. Moreover, these are free thinkers, as against alliance to any religious belief which ordinarily one would expect from people of this part of the world.

I look forward to your prompt response.

Yours Truly,

Friedrich Arno.

Anti-fraud resources: