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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Richardson Themba" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 4 Jun 2019 11:22:42 +0200
Subject: Re:Information!!

My Dear Friend,
I am a member of one of the leading bank in South Africa. I decided to contact you about one of our deceased customers from Europe. He left a large sum of money worth Forty-Million, Five Hundred Thousand dollars ($ 40,500,000.00) on our bank.
The deceased died without a will or relatives. I need the cooperation of a foreign partner like you, whom I can introduce as a relative of the deceased, so that we can claim the money for the purpose of sharing and investments.
I will give you more information on this subject on your positive answer. Please send your reply to this my confidential e-mail address:
Best Regards
Mr.Richardson Themba.

Anti-fraud resources: