fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Daniel Cornley" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 4 Jun 2019 00:57:39 -0500
Subject: CLAIM YOUR PRIZE!!!
I am here to pass across to you some good news about your Facebook account
Have you been inform about your Facebook winnings...
Am so much happy because Facebook has really changed your life for good. I got a great news to share with, Guess what?
I am Delighted to inform you that Your Facebook profile name was selected among the 12 lucky people who won the amount of $2,000,000 USD on the Facebook online promo...
Your name was selected by Automatic Random Machine, which your Facebook user name show up on number 7th from the 12 lucky listed names
The promotion was made to make all Facebook users to benefit from the
profit the company made while they use Facebook...
I want you to know that this lottery is 100% REAL and LEGITIMATE
ENDEAVOR TO RESPOND AS SOON AS POSSIBLE TO CLAIM YOUR PRIZE.