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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Kennedy Girish" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 4 Jun 2019 09:02:41 -0700
Subject: Your Fund Payment

Attn: Margaret Wood,

Account normalization of your banking details has been delayed by International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Financial Services Authority. This has made it necessary for your payment to be programmed in to Union Bank Corporate Visa Card.

In this regard, the authority had instructed us today to pay you your part payment of (US$10.5 Million Dollars only) Ten million, Five Hundred thousand united states Dollars out of your contract sum, and it will be programmed in Union Bank corporate Visa Card and send to you follow by the balance as schedule.

Therefore, the Central Bank of Nigeria working relationship with Union Bank has concluded to issue you a CORPORATE VISA CARD where your payment will be uploaded. This will now enable you either download your payment at any ATM Machine or at your bank.

In conclusion, call me immediately you receive this message so that I will direct you properly for details; confirm your private phone/fax number so that we can as well reach you.

Call me if you have any question.


Dr. Kennedy Girish.

Anti-fraud resources: