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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Mohd Ruddin Bin AB Ghani" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 3 Jun 2019 11:32:21 -0700
Subject: Can i Trust You? Confirm With Detailed Response

Good Day,

How are you doing this day? I hope you are doing perfectly fine.

My name is DR. MOHD RUDDIN BIN AB GHANI,a Malaysian Citizen.. I got your contact from LinkedIn online business journal which i found your profile satisfying and decided to contact you based on my desire to invest in any viable project in your region.

I was a member of the Malaysian parliament just before this present administration of prime minister,Mahathir Mohamad who won the election in Malaysia... Since we are no longer in office and in opposition party,i had to go in exile to AUSTRALIA and i am contacting you for Joint partnership investment and to assist me locate any viable and lucrative investment in your region. I would want this to be as strictly confidential as possible considering my former position in Government. But Can i trust you???

However, I would want you to guide me on the type of investment that will be of best interest and good benefit in your country and also act as an investment manager on my behalf since i'm ready to invest the sum of Fourteen Million seven hundred United States Dollars ($ 14,700,000) or more.

I'll appreciate a detailed response and your telephone number if you consider my request/proposal.

I thank you in anticipation for your co-operation.

Tel: +61-48-887-3137
Email Address:

Anti-fraud resources: