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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.David Toro" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 25 May 2019 15:37:09 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: For your Consideration.

Dear Sir,

My name is David Toro; I work with an INTESTATE & HEIR ESTATE BENEFICIARY TRACING company based in UK and SPAIN.

I have an important business proposal that would be of mutual benefit to us, all I need is your TRUST and CONFIDENCE. It is risk free as long as you would follow every instruction.

If you are interested please contact me on the following:

Tel: +34-612 552 989

Mr David Toro.

Anti-fraud resources: