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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jim Davis" <>
Date: Thu, 23 May 2019 23:27:03 -0700
Subject: Good Day.

Good Day.
With Respect, accept my apology if my contact offends you as I got your contact from your country directory in my search for a suitable hand to continue with these project in your region. Is delighted to get across to you for I deemed it fit to contact you to seek your assistance in this lucrative project which requires trust and confidentiality.

With genuine and sincere intention, my deceased client left an abandoned "FUNDS PROJECT", worth 27.3m usd I believe you could possibly handle as a very private business proposal, Your urgent response will be appreciated for full details if you’re interested thru, my private Alt. email:
Note: Confidentiality and Sincerity are basic potential of this transaction,

Jim Davis
Personal Email:

Anti-fraud resources: