fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Yandex; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "DFC DUBAI" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 20 May 2019 05:04:09 -0700
Subject: ..Investment Soft Loan Funding..
I wish to invite you to our soft loan funding programme, do you have any lucrative projects that require funding? Do you think the project can generate a good ROI?
We would like to consider a possible collaboration with your firm through project development within your area if it proves viable after our review and consideration. DFC is currently seeking to obtain 3% interest rate annually and our possible collaboration will be based on this form of funding.
We are open and ready to discuss possible collaboration with project owners, investors, investment brokers and general business facilitators. Kindly indicate your interest via e-mail address: email@example.com for more details.