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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 24 May 2019 01:01:49 +0200
Subject: 4.800.000

Mijn naam is SHANE MISSLER. Ik heb een loterij jackpot van $ 451 miljoen (£ 330 miljoen) gewonnen. In januari 2018. Ik heb een gift van 4.800.000 euro. Ik doneer deze gift omwille van de liefde voor de mensheid en de behoeftigen in de samenleving. Neem contact met mij op voor dit geschenk dat je via deze e-mail hebt ontvangen: (

Esta mensagem foi verificada pelo sistema de antivírus e
acredita-se estar livre de perigo.

Anti-fraud resources: