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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. James Copeland" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 23 May 2019 15:29:24 -0700
Subject: Investment Inquiry


I am a business start-up and investment consultant, I work with Angel Investors, private investors/lenders, VC's, Venture Funds, Investment companies and other financing sources that are privately seeking opportunities that can generate a higher rate of return for their private investment portfolio, If you have projects or opportunities that meet this profile, do get in touch with me. If not, please pardon my intrusion.

Best regards,

Mr. James Copeland
Private Investment & Business Start-Up Consultant.
Tel: (571)356-9266
Address: 3285 Prince Edward Island, Fort Myers, FL 33907

Anti-fraud resources: