fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "outstanding contractors" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "to your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "dear beneficiary," (this SPAM email was probably sent to thousands of people)
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "MR.KENNETH JAMES UBA" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 30 Apr 2019 15:41:03 -0800
Subject: Attention: Sir, Madam, YOUR SWIFT RESPONSE IS HIGHLY NEEDED IN THIS RESPECT..
UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA(UBA)
Address: Carrefour des trois
Banques Avenue Pape Jean Paul
II, Cotonou, Benin
Telephone: +229 67 97 87 37,+234703-5775-245
This is to alert you that we received your fund worth the sum $8,500,000 from the United Bank Bank of Africa (UBA) Benin Republic
,we apologies for the delay of your payment and all the inconveniences we might put you through, Meanwhile we were having some minor problems
with our payment system which in all case not meeting up with fund beneficiary payments, we apologies once again.
From the records of outstanding contractors due for payment with federal Government your name was discovered as next on the list out of
the 11 outstanding, contractors who have not yet received their payments during the 3 years tenure of the previous administration in
office please bear with us for making this initial contact through email.
Meanwhile, a woman came to this bank a few days ago with a letter claiming to be your true representative.
Please do reconfirm to this bank as a matter of urgency if this woman is from you or not so that the federal government will not beheld
First United Bank For Africa(UBA) for paying into wrong account, if this woman is not your representative, you requested to fill and send
this informationâs for verification purpose so that your fund valued ($8,500,000) will be remitted in to your nominated bank account.
Kindly reconfirm to the bank the following
1 Your Full Name:
2. Your Current Address:
3. Occupation/ Position
4. Your home/ direct Cell phone numbers
5. Banking details
6. Age and Sex
7. Scan copy of your valid ID card.
As soon as this information is received, your funds will be paid to you through our online banking system We shall proceed to issue all
payments details to the said Mrs. Lisa Gammon if we do not hear from you within the next Seven working days from today.
We are sorry for any inconvenience the delay in transferring of your fund must have caused you. Be informed that this is UNITED BANK FOR
AFRICA (UBA) BENIN REPUBLIC, You can call me on: +234-7035775245 Or email: <email@example.com > for quick response.
UBA Bank Benin Republic