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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "NZ" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 15 Apr 2019 13:21:21 -0700
Subject: Investment Project

With regards to our acknowledgement, besides considering your personal profile established on weekly white page, which made me to bring this matter into your consideration, for an investment opportunity. I’m Nikan Zuma I have a transaction involved transferring of funds. I want you to invest. Therefore, upon the receipt of your reply, I will give you full details on how the project will be executed; in addition I am willing to offer you 15% of the total sum for your assistance.

Anti-fraud resources: