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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 14 Apr 2019 06:08:16 -0700
Subject: Kindly Respond immediately

Optimist David
US Delegates

Attention: ,

With all due respect. My name is MrOptimist David of International Monetary

Funds (IMF) a representative and the U.S Delegates to the Nigerian

Financial Intelligence Unit (NFIU) authorize by United Nations (UN)

presently in Virginia disbursing long outstanding over due funds to


Please,we would want to know if you really authorize Mr.Smith Mark of

INDOCHINA GROUP OF COMPANY FROM CHINA to claim your part-payment of

CONTRACT AWARD sum $10,500,000 as your next of KIN which has been deposited

with the STANDARD CHARTERED BANK,Virginia City.

Please,your prompt response is needed before we shall proceed with the

delivery of the ATM CARD to his location as the ATM CARD we have here is

bearing your name while an AFFIDAVIT OF CLAIM has been endorsed on his

name. Your prompt response is needed urgently for a favourable action.

Mr.Optimist David

Anti-fraud resources: