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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "United States Secretary of State" <>
Date: Sat, 13 Apr 2019 12:51:24 -0700
Subject: Attn Dear fund owner !!!

Attn Dear fund owner !!!

I will be going for Easter vacation soon and I can not guarantee the safety of your ATM card when am away i want you to think wisely than to allow this opportunity pass you .

Note that from the record in my file, your outstanding contract payment is US$10.5 Million (Ten Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars) loaded in an ATM Visa Card that allows you to make a daily maximum withdrawal limit of US$5000 (Five Thousand Dollars).

I want you to answer me back now and if possible try and give me a call or Text today on +1{202}7695955 Or Email (

Yours in Service,
Mr.Mike Pompeo
United States Secretary of State

Anti-fraud resources: