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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barclays Bank Plc" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 5 Apr 2019 13:38:12 +0100
Subject: From Barclays Bank Group Chairman, London, UK

Hello Dear!

This is to inform you that your overdue delayed payment has been released to you today via ATM Card. You are requested to furnish us with your location address and direct telephone number for express delivery of your ATM card to you through any reliable courier company, preferably DHL, while the card pin number will be given to you via telephone call or sms.

Looking forward in hearing from you,


John McFarlane, (Group Chairman),
Barclays Bank Plc,
Registered number: 1026167,
1 Churchill Place, London, ENG E14 5HP,
Direct Telephone: +44 770 000 8965,

Anti-fraud resources: