fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 24 Mar 2019 06:35:36 GMT
Subject: Re: Re: Your ATM Cards Released.
This is to inform you that we have agreed to release your fund valued at USD $5.8 Million which will come to you via ATM Cards. Please do re-confirm your information as below to avoid wrong delivery. Forward your information to the delivery office here: (email@example.com ) and instruct them to send the card to you immediately.
Full Name (Receiver):_____,
Country of Resident: ______,
Office/Home Street Address: _____,
Nearest Airport: _____,
Mobile Phone Number: _____,
Identification papers (Passport copy or ID card) which you will present it before delivery is made: _____
Thank you for understanding and may God bless you.
REV. DR. DOUGLAS MORRISON
Email: ( firstname.lastname@example.org)
"Disclaimer: This e-mail contains privileged information or information belonging to Maharashtra State Power Generation Co. Ltd. and is intended solely for the addressee/s. Access to this email by anyone else is unauthorized. Any copying (whole or partial) or further distribution beyond the original recipient is not intended, and may be unlawful. The recipient acknowledges that Maharashtra State Power Generation Co. Ltd. is unable to exercise control or ensure or guarantee the integrity of the contents of the information contained in e-mail transmissions and further acknowledges that any views expressed in this message are those of the individual sender and are not binding on Maharashtra State Power Generation Co. Ltd. E-mails are susceptible to alteration and their integrity cannot be guaranteed. Maharashtra State Power Generation Co. Ltd. does not accept any liability for any damages caused on account of this e-mail.If you have received this email in error, ! please contact the sender and delete the material from your computer."