fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Powerball" <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 16:18:48 -0700
Subject: Mrs. West Donation.
I am Lerynne West, I am 51 years old From Red field Iowa, a single mother of three and the recent winner of almost $350 million in the Power ball Lottery, I won this lottery on 5th of November 2018 and I am writing to inform you that Google in alliance with Microsoft and GMX submitted Random âEmails" that each upon my request receive a donation amount of $2.9 million.
As I wish to donate part of my Jackpot to people around the world and also veterans as I thank God for all he has been doing in my life so far.
I hope my donations can reach out to those that have been going through a lot financially.
Please provide me with the following:
And a check for $2.9 million will be issued to you.