fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "inheritance funds" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Patrick Morrissey <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 22:54:48 +0100 (CET)
Subject: HAVE YOU BEEN ABLE TO RECEIVE YOUR FUNDS?
HAVE YOU BEEN ABLE TO RECEIVE YOUR FUNDS?
I 'm contacting you by your email however; I feel it's best and more
convenient for me to explain why I am contacting you. I'm Mr. Patrick
Morrisey a United States Special investigator, I work hand in hand with
the United States Fraud Unit of the Criminal Investigation Division
(CID). I'm specialize in Background Investigations on funds which
include [COMPENSATION/ INHERITANCE FUNDS OR NEXT OF KIN, Consignment
Box, LottoÂ® JACKPOT, LOANS] and I notice that you have being receiving
numerous emails from people who claims to have funds coming to you but
I advise that if you're still in communication with any of them on
issue of funds however, you're hereby advise to stop every
communication right now because those people has being investigated and
confirmed to be a Fraud.
â¢ I wish to announce our successful investigation which was carried
out few days ago; I guess it will interest you to know why this
investigation was conducted. For your information, it was truly
confirmed that you have 100% Legitimate unpaid transaction and you have
every right to claim this funds as you're been confirmed to be the
right Beneficiary of the said amount $6.5 Million usd
COMPENSATION/INHERITANCE FUNDS OR NEXT OF KIN however, Due to the delay
of getting this funds to you, your funds has now been increased to $6.5
Million United State Dollars approved for payment by International
Monetary Fund (IMF) here in United States.
I'm informing you this today because I came to notice that you're not
communicating with a legitimate person who is in charge of getting
these funds to you. This announcement has to be made open to you
however because you may have being swindled by those unscrupulous
people whom you have sent money in the course of getting one fund or
the other which is not real and for this reason, I have decided to
help you get your funds directly from the International Monetary Fund
(IMF) here in United States because your Legitimate funds remains
â¢ I want to know if you're interested in receiving your unpaid
legitimate funds value $6.5 Million usd however, I will only be of help
if you agreed to follow my instructions. If you're really interested in
receiving your unpaid $6.5 Million USD, I advise that you get back to
me immediately. All I need is your cooperation and understanding.
Please you can contact me back on my email by clicking your Reply.
text me here only (304) 607-3150)
United States Special investigator